Bending strings causes the pitch of the note fretted to change to a higher pitch. Most commonly strings are bent a whole step (to sound like the note 2 frets higher) But sometimes they can be bent just ½ step (sounds like 1 fret higher) or even higher: 1 ½ steps (sounds 3 frets higher) and the finger-numbing 2 step bend (sounds like 4 frets higher). How to bend a string: (I’m using the 12th fret region of the neck as an example here.) 1. On the 15th fret, 2nd string use your ring finger to fret the note. 2….